Michele Rocca


Michele Rocca (attributed to)

Attributed to Michele Rocca (1671-1751), Bacco ebbro, oil on canvas, measures 80×58 cm.

Michele Rocca, known with the nickname of Parmigianino or Parmigiano, was born in 1666, perhaps in Parma. The date of birth is shown in the biography of Nicola Pio (1724, 1977, pp. 111) and is confirmed by the inscription on the artist’s self-portrait (Stockholm, National Museum).

The first training took place in Parma, at Filippo Maria Galletti, a painter of Cortonesca ancestry, from whom he “princes to take drawing and profession” (ibid.). It seems that Michele Rocca arrived in Rome at sixteen, around 1682 (Sestieri, 2004, p.11), and that he frequented the workshop of Ciro Ferri (Clark, 1970, p.220). The apprenticeship at Ferri does not appear to have marked his production. Michele Rocca was careful to reinterpret the lessons of numerous painters such as Filippo Lauri, Carlo Maratti, Francesco Trevisani, Benedetto Luti, Sebastiano Conca, but also Luca Giordano, Francesco Solimena, Sebastiano Ricci and Giovanni Antonio Pellegrini (Sestieri, 1973, pp. 84- ninety two).

Following his stay in Rome he returned to Parma, where he was called on January 18, 1687 to estimate “the paintings of paintings displayed in the lucky lot of Signor Giuseppe Attiglio” (page 95, note 8). It is not known how much he stayed in the city, but Pius remembers it “in his homeland, where, with a long and exact application to the paintings of the famous Correggio, he became perfected and a good painter” (Pio, 1724, 1977, p.111) .